History

The Confederacion Mondiale des Activitees Subaquatiques (CMAS) is a private association and its members are national sports federations from countries all over the world. It was founded back in 1959 and is the official (formed by state recognised federations) world sports organisation responsible for several underwater sports, such as fin swimming, underwater rugby, underwater hockey, scuba diving, underwater orienteering, underwater photography, underwater target shooting and of course spearfishing.

The Competitions under the responsibility of the CMAS are:

a) The world and the continental zone championships.

b) The club championships.

c) The international competitions.

d) The CMAS Games.

All Federations affiliated to the CMAS Sports Committee for the discipline of spearfishing are possible participants in the continental zone championships that take place every other year. The continents have been grouped by the CMAS as follows: a) Group I:  Europe – Africa, b)  GroupII: Americas and c)  Group III: Rest of the world.

To participate in a world or a continental zone championship, all members of a national team must have the nationality of the country which they represent. The minimum age required on the date of the opening of the championship is 18 years. Three (3) athletes per country are allowed to participate. Each athlete must be in possession of a CMAS “Sports Licence” valid for the year of the championship. Each team taking part in the competition must have a team captain, who is: a) The person responsible to discipline the members of his team, b) The intermediary between the organizer, the judges and the participants. Each participant of the championship gets a boat with boatman and can spearfish for 5 consecutive hours in a pre specified fishing zone. All championships last for two consecutive days. There are usually many restrictions for the valid catches in the rules, but they differ each time depending on the venue.

The continental zone championships are also qualifiers for the world championships. How many countries of the Euroafrican zone will have the right to participate in the next world championship depends on a formula of quotas from the number of the participations of each zone championship and the number of countries that will participate in the next world championship (the minimum is 20 but the hosting country can accept more). Usually the Euroafrican zone gets 12 places, the Americas get 5 and the rest of the world 3.

To participate in an international spearfishing championship one must be registered as a spearfishing athlete in a sport club. This club must be a member of a national federation (of clubs) that is recognized by the government as the official federation of clubs for spearfishing in that particular country and affiliated to the CMAS. Then, one must be selected by that federation (there are different selection systems in different countries) as one of the three athletes that will constitute the national team of the country or the substitute. 

The individual score table is the only one recognized by the CMAS and the first three winners are rewarded with medals and conceit of their national flags (national anthem is played for the winner), but a team classification is also traditionally drawn up in each championship, by addition of the individual scores of every athlete of the same country. 

The official CMAS international Championships started in 1954 with the “European Championship”. Its fourth edition in Mali Losinj in former Yugoslavia, which took place in 1957, was later proclaimed the 1st “world championship”, as the US national team took part in it (Italy, France, Spain, Yugoslavia and Monaco were the other participants).

This 1957 championship gave birth to the most significant institution of competitive spearfishing nowadays: The “World Championship”! Ever since, the championship has been well established and 29 events have already taken place in several coasts in Europe, South America, Cuba and Tahiti.

After long years the World Spearfishing Championship returns to the Mediterranean Sea, where the epic battles among the giants of the past, the deep waters and the big groupers crafted its stunning history through time, leaving their distinctive mark and leading this particular instiution to a very special place in our hearts...   

 

Here are the winners of all 29 previous Spearfishing World Championships: 

 

Year

Location

Individual

Teams

1957

Yugoslavia

1. Catalani (Italia)
2. Armanda (Yugoslavia)
3. Balenovich (Yugoslavia)

1. Italia
2. Yugoslavia
3. Francia

1958

Portugal

1. Corman (Francia)
2. Roux (Francia)
3. Ripa (Italia)

1. Francia
2. Italia
3. Brasil

1959

Malta

1. Lentz (USA)
2. Martí (España)
3. Ripa (Italia)

1. España
2. Italia
3. USA

1960

Italia

1. Hermanny (Brasil)
2. Ripa (Italia)
3. Del Monico (USA)

1. Italia
2. España
3. USA

1961

España

1. Gomis (España)
2. Noguera (España)
3. Ripa (Italia)

1. España
2. Francia
3. USA

1963

Brasil

1. Hermanny (Brasil)
2. Feffler (USA)
3. Dessault (Francia)

1. Francia
2. Brasil
3. USA

1965

Polinesia Francesa

1. Taylor (Australia)
2. Hoata (Francia)
3. Tapu (Francia)

1. Francia
2. Australia
3. USA

1967

Cuba

1. Tapu (Francia)
2. Gomez (Cuba)
3. Reyes (Cuba)

1. Cuba
2. Francia
3. España

1969

Italia

1. Scarpati (Italia)
2. Gaspari (Italia)
3. Santoro (Italia)

1. Italia
2. Francia
3. Brasil

1971

Chile

1. Choque (Chile)
2. Ernst (USA)
3. Barchi (Perú)

1. Chile
2. USA
3. Italia

1973

España

1. Amengual (España)
2. Scarpati (Italia)
3. Noguera (España)

1. España
2. Italia
3. Francia

1975

Perú

1. Esclapez (Francia)
2. Diaz (Brasil)
3. Amengual (España)

1. Brasil
2. España
3. USA

1981

Brasil

1. Amengual (España)
2. Esclapez (Francia)
3. Molteni (Italia)

1. Italia
2. Francia
3. España

1983

Chile

1. Flores (Chile)
2. Ernst (USA)
3. Andrade (Chile)

1. Chile
2. USA
3. Francia

1985

España

1. Amengual (España)
2. Jurinchich (Italia)
3. Toschi (Italia)

1. España
2. Italia
3. Francia

1987

Turquía

1. Mazzari (Italia)
2. Esclapez (Francia)
3. Zanki (Yugoslavia)

1. Italia
2. Yugoslavia
3. Francia

1989

Italia

1. Mazzari (Italia)
2. Carrodano (Francia)
3. Salvatori (Francia)

1. Italia
2. Francia
3. España

1992

España

1. Mazzari (Italia)
2. Salvatori (Francia)
3. Amengual (España)

1. Italia
2. España
3. Francia

1994

Perú

1. Viña (España)
2. Caro (Chile)
3. Punuaaitua (Tahiti)

1. España
2. Chile
3. Italia

1996

España

1. Carbonell (España)
2. Viña (España)
3. Silva (Portugal)

1. España
2. Portugal
3. Italia

1998

Croacia

1. March (España)
2. Ramaciotti (Italia)
3. Antonini (Italia)

1. Italia
2. España
3. Croacia

2000

Tahití

1. Carbonell (España)
2. Punuaaitua (Tahiti)
3. March (España)

1. España
2. Tahiti
3. Francia

2002

Brasil

1. Carbonell (España)
2. Pacheco (Brasil)
3. Ramaciotti (Italia)

1. España
2. Italia
3. Francia

2004

Chile

1. Bellani (Italia)
2. Duarte (Chile)
3. Bósquez (Chile)

1. Chile
2. Italia
3. España

2006

Portugal

1. Saez (Chile)
2. Silva (Portugal)
3. López Cid (España)

1. Portugal
2. España
3. Chile

2008

Venezuela

1. Kerejeta (España)
2. Sideris (Grecia)
3. Carbonell (España)

1. España
2. Italia
3. Croacia

2010

Croatia

1. Gospic (Croacia)           
2. Buratovic (Croacia)
3. De Silvestri (Italia)

1. Croacia    
2. Italia
3. España

2012

España

1. Lot (Portugal)          
2. Linares (España)
3. Gospic (Croacia)

1. España    
2. Portugal
3. Croacia

2014

Peru

1. Blanco (España)          
2. Tomas (España)
3. Cid (España)

1. España    
2. Portugal
3. Croacia

 

 

Statistics

Individual Title  
Spain : 11
Italy : 6
France : 3
Chili : 3
Brazil : 2
U.S.A. : 1
Australia : 1
Croatia 1
Portugal 1
Total 29
   
Team Title  
Spain : 11
Italy : 8
France : 3
Chili : 3
Brazil : 1
Portugal 1
Cuba : 1
Croatia 1
Total 29
   
Double  
Spain : 9
Italy : 5
Chili : 2
France : 1
Croatia 1

The Medals:

Country Gold Silver Bronze
Spain 11 5 7
Italy 6 5 7
France 3 6 3
Chile 3 2 2
Brazil 2 1
USA 1 3 1
Portugal 1 1 1
Croatia* 1 1 1
Australia 1
Yugoslavia 1 2
Tahiti** 1 1
Cuba 1 1
Greece 1
Peru 1

*Croatian athletes were competing under the flag of Yugoslavia until 1992

**Tahitian athletes were competing under the flag of France until 1967